India is a union of states where we understand that states would be formed in linguistic lines. In 1920, Congress decided to create dissenting state committees to random provinces of British India, but the use of language as a limit.
This principle has been extended to India itself after independence, when states like Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh were formed on the basis of language. It is exactly this principle – the right of a linguistic community to determine its political future – that led the Nepalese Gorkha speaking hills of West Bengal to claim a separate state of Gorkhaland.
However, this simple question threw the Bharatiya Janata Party into a dilemma. During the last decade, the party supporting the application. In 2009, party leader Sushma Swaraj spoke at the Lok Sabha for the discovery of a Nepali-speaking West Bengal state, which he called “an idea when the time comes.”
In its manifesto for the Lower House elections in 2014, the BJP said it would “sympathetically and adequately consider Gorkhas’s longstanding demands” if it was in power. This support has meant that for the last two terms, Darjeeling elected a BJP deputy – a welcome walk to the door for the BJP in a state where there was no marginal player in the past.
However, this is changing. The BJP is committed to becoming an important part of West Bengal. And the main victim in this quest is Gorkhaland. Lately, the BJP in West Bengal has made it clear – several times – that it is no longer compatible with the creation of Gorkhaland. On Tuesday, the BJP High Representative commented on the problem: party secretary-general Kailash Vijayvargiya said he could not support his claim for a separate state of Gorkhaland.
Gorkhaland has long been a sensitive subject for Bengalis in West Bengal who see it as an effort to break the state. The emotiveness of the issue means that neither side wants to be a dominant player in West Bengal can not be in favor of Gorkhaland. Previously, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) used politically demands Gorkha, combed as protector of the unity of West Bengal. Today, the Trinamool decision took the same coat, playing the Bengali identity to reinforce the vows.
While Trinamool attacks the idea of Gorkhaland, the BJP is in a difficult situation. The optics to be a party defending the West Bengal partition will play poorly with the majority of the state’s Bengali population.
And everything for election purposes Gorkhaland will be insignificant. Gorkhaland, if created, would be a small state and would now choose any of the members of the Lower House – as opposed to 42 West Bengal. Even a MP seat, it seems, stuck with a match like Gorkha’s Gorkha Gorkha Janmukti Morcha – make the whole business tremendously profitable for the BJP.
What makes things worse is that within the constitutional framework of things, Parliament has the absolute power to create new states. Therefore, the BJP had he stuck to his previous position, he would have easily discovered Gorkhaland West Bengal. His refusal to do so, they face a strong movement of Gorkha, emphasizes his response.